I am currently re-reading Chasing the Dragon, Jackie Pullinger’s remarkable story of “life and death in Kowloon Walled City”. It tells how the lives of thousands of poor and addicted Hong Kong residents were dramatically changed as they were miraculously healed of heroin addiction.
It also speaks to me of how God can use an unusual person who is willing to risk following the way of Jesus.
Going to the ends of the earth
If you don’t know it already, here is Jackie’s story in brief.
In 1966, Jackie Pullinger, 22, a recent convert, and recently graduated from the Royal College of Music in London, felt called to be a missionary. But she couldn’t find a mission society willing to take someone so young and so unqualified. So following the advice of a minister friend, she bought a ticket on a boat to China and prayed God would show her where to stay. She ended up in Hong Kong.
Kowloon Walled City was a ramshackle, multi-story urban jungle built on a small piece of land which neither the Chinese Government nor the British administration in Hong Kong controlled. It’s narrow rat-infested alleyways and shambolic buildings were home to dirt poor families, addicts, dodgy businesses, prostitutes (many of them children or teens coerced into this work), illegal gambling dens and Triad gangs, who lived off the proceeds of the crime and “protection”.
Working as a part time teacher at first, Jackie began to make friends with the residents in her spare time, hoping to share the love of Jesus with them. She found her words meant nothing to her Triad gang hearers (few of them knew who Jesus was, nor did they care, and many hadn’t known any love in their lives), but they accepted her help in providing food and clothing, trying to find jobs, supporting them in court when they were arrested, and offering schooling to their children. Because she was helping the community, the Triad gangs tolerated her and eventually protected her.
Her breakthrough came when a Chinese christian couple prayed for her to receive the Holy Spirit in a new way and she was given the gift of speaking in tongues. She prayed in tongues every day and found that God was directing her to people who the Spirit had prepared for her words. SEveral gang members were converted, quite miraculously.
She, and the growing group of recently converted “brothers”, began to have faith to see addicts healed and converted, and soon many addicts received the gift of tongues, went through “cold turkey” with prayer support and came to faith in Jesus who had healed them and set them free. For some, the freedom from addiction was almost instantaneous, for others, days of prayer were required. But hundreds and eventually thousands were healed from addictions, many of them after a decade or more of heroin or opium abuse.
A long period of rehabilitation generally followed, as former addicts were restored to their families and began to take on responsible jobs. Her work was recognised by the Hong Kong government and she was given facilities away from the city to set up a live-in rehabilitation centre.
Eventually, Hong Kong was handed over to the Chinese Government and the walled city was demolished, but Jackie stayed on, married a Chinese man (who unfortunately died after only 7 years of marriage) and the work continued. She is still there as far as I know.
A remarkable woman in more ways than one
Jackie’s life can hardly be described as “normal”; few missionaries have achieved the success she has seen in her time in Hong Kong. I think we can see a number of unusual qualities and choices in her life.
Not many people would take the apparently foolhardy risk of departing on a mission with no Bible College training, no financial support and no real idea of what she would end up doing. But God had given her a vision to go to Asia rather than Africa (her original intention) and she trusted that call.
Jackie had an openness to learn what she needed. She had no previous experience of the gifts of the Spirit, but the gift of tongues and healing were fundamental to her ministry, and she was willing to experience and experiments with these gifts.
The Walled City was not a safe environment, especially because of so many gang members and wild and desperate people, but also for health reasons, but she trusted God and he protected her. She says she preferred to live and associate with these “lost” people.
She pursued a meeting with Goko, the leader of the 14K triad gang, and he eventually agreed to meet with her. She told him she was committed to taking his brothers away from the gang and, surprisingly, he gave her permission, and said he wouldn’t carry out the usual retaliation if someone left the triad to follow Jesus. This was a quite remarkable approach – few missionaries would directly challenge a drug lord – but she was rewarded more than a decade later when Goko became a christian too.
In all this, Jackie didn’t behave like other missionaries generally did in the 1960s. She seemed to have a zest for life, an unusual approach probably not taught in any Bible College, and a trust in God that was extreme (in a good way).
An unusual mission
We are familiar these days with “professional” ministry – well-trained pastors use tried and true methods to maximise their “success”, build a ministry and sometimes even a name for themselves. Jackie has certainly made a name for herself, but it has clearly been by accident (from her point of view at any rate), and her approach to ministry has been unorthodox:
So much evangelistic work is built around teaching these days. The gospel is explained by a professional preacher and people asked to commit to what has been explained. But Jackie’s mission field was often illiterate or too addled with addiction to focus. Bible teaching was generally ineffective at that point.
Jackie’s “proof” that Jesus was all christians proclaim him to be was much more convincing. Before they even knew who Jesus was, they called on him, received a prayer language (almost invariably) and experienced his miraculous power healing them from their addiction, and sometimes other medical conditions as well. Her, or rather, the Holy Spirit’s, success rate was close to 100%, totally unprecedented, as even the government authorities, doctors and courts, recognised. The understanding of who Jesus was and is, and doctrine about their new life as a christian, came later.
Jackie was also humble in stepping back and letting the converted brothers pray for and minister to those seeking help. She could see it was better that way, and was willing to take a less up-front role in much of the ministry. I suspect too few leaders have this humility.
I never watch The Law of Love video or read Jackie’s books without being challenged. I don’t believe, as she apparently does, that all christians can and should receive the gift of tongues to enhance their relationship with God and lead them into effective ministry. I wish it was so, but it doesn’t seem to be.
But nevertheless her life challenges me to remain open to however the Holy Spirit wishes to work in me, to remain open to people to the people who most need Jesus in their life, and to be committed to giving priority to serving the kingdom of God where he has placed me. We are not all called to go to Hong Kong (or it would be even more crowded!), but the kingdom of God can use more risk-taking committed christians.
Read, watch (and then pray!)
- Jackie’s books – Chasing the Dragon and Crack in the Wall.
- Watch the movie The Law of Love on YouTube (very poor quality picture but still well worth watching) or buy it at Amazon.
Photo: Jackie Pullinger, taken from the movie The Law of Love
I have not yet read Jackie Pullinger’s book, but it is noteworthy to me that it comes highly recommended by Joseph Prince of Singapore. Pastor Prince, like Ms. Pullinger, strongly believes that praying in tongues is a capacity inherent in EVERYONE who has been baptized in the Holy Spirit.
But to clarify: praying in tongues (praying in the spirit) is NOT the same as The Gift of Tongues. Praying in tongues is MAN speaking to God, and thereby edifying himself individually, 1 Cor. 14:4. However, the prophetic Gift of Tongues—which must be interpreted—is GOD speaking through man to the Church, and thereby edifying the Church corporately (1 Cor. 14:12).
In 1 Cor. 14:18, Paul says, “I thank God that I speak in tongues more than all of you. BUT in the church….” “…UNLESS someone interprets….” 1 Cor. 14:5. In this way he is distinguishing between 1) devotional tongues—to be done by all, in privacy, and 2) prophetic tongues—to be done by a few, in public.
Again, the Gift of Tongues is given to select individuals for communication FROM ABOVE TO BELOW—and must subsequently be interpreted by someone with the Gift of Interpretation of Tongues into the native language—in order to communicate “…Some revelation or knowledge or prophecy or word of instruction.” 1 Cor. 14:6.
But a devotional prayer language of tongues is a capacity for ALL Spirit-baptized believers. It is communication from FROM BELOW TO ABOVE. As Paul challenged: “I thank God that I speak in tongues (at home) more than all of you.” 1 Cor. 14:18.
Of course, a Spirit-baptized individual may not pray in tongues, because of ignorance or misunderstanding. But once he is informed, if he will only step out in childlike humility and simply begin, he will not be disappointed. His heavenly Father has indeed given him bread, not a stone.
This wonderful, mysterious capacity of praying in the spirit allows a human being to pray perfect prayers to God any time he wishes—without his natural intellect getting in the way. It is an instant miracle, yet it is under the control of one’s own will!
HI Kevin, thanks for your interest and your comments. I am familiar with the Pentecostal teaching on tongues, similar to what you have outlined, for I attended a Pentecostal church for 6 years. But I don’t see anywhere in scripture, or in life, that the two uses of tongues are different gifts/abilities, nor that every christian can receive the ability or gift to speak in tongues, much as I wish that were so. I think saying this has a negative effect on people’s faith who have prayed for the gift/ability and not received it. But I appreciate your concern to share what you have obviously found to be very helpful. Thanks.
Great story and observations today … thanks.
I have never heard of Jackie Pullinger and am thankful for the recommended books and film. I am always so encouraged and challenged by such stories. (Hers reminds me a bit of David Wilkerson’s story in The Cross and the Switchblade.) I wholeheartedly agree with you that we need more risk-taking Christians and I hope I can grow to be one of them.
(And on a side note, I have never seen the word “shambolic” before. I love it!)
Karl, thank you. I checked out your website and what you are doing and thinking, and I like it! (Not that my praise is worth much!)
Brookem, glad it was of interest. Yes, inspiring and challenging are both apt words. I have watched the video maybe a dozen times over twenty years, and it still inspires me and challenges me. And I’m glad you found a new word. Your mission, should you accept it, is to use it in normal conversation at least twice this week! 🙂
A good post!
As I think you may know I lived in Hong Kong for several years. It was the start of our Christian journey. So the Pullinger story has always resonated with me as a demonstration of God’s Grace and Power, both of which I experienced there,
Thanks. I knew you lived in South East Asia, but I wasn’t sure if it was Hong Kong, Singapore or somewhere else. I must talk to you about it some day.